How to become a lawyer in India

How to become a lawyer in India

How to become a lawyer in India – Lawyers are considered an indispensable force in the field of law and legislature.

The duties of lawyers include providing legal services to individuals in solving law-related issues and queries.

Lawyers are powerful spokespersons of law who enjoy prestige and respect in social circles. The high earning potential of lawyers also makes this career popular among young law aspirants of India.

There are various streams in the field of law including lawyers dealing with Civil, Criminal, corporate, family, and financial cases.

Successful lawyers can always depend upon a variety of unique professions such as law college lecturers and law consultants.

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Eligibility criteria for Lawyer

There are two important ways through which law aspirants could make their dream of becoming a lawyer. The career path of a lawyer is given below.

Career PathDetails related to the career path
Class 12No restriction in the selection of a specific stream Subjects of Humanities stream is generally preferred Subjects such as political science, economics, and history give foundation to further legal studies.
Graduation5 Years Integrated LLB Program
This integrated program can be pursued after the completion of Class 12
Admission to this course is based on various entrance examinations such as CLAT
Minimum 50% marks in Class 12 examination is necessary to apply for this program  

3 Years LLB Program
Pursue any bachelor’s degree under law after completing class 12
LLB can be pursued after completing any graduation degree
Minimum 50% marks in graduation are necessary to apply for this program
There is no age bar for applying for this course  
Correspondence courses and Distance learning law programsVarious correspondence courses and distance learning programs are offered by various universities across India  
These programs lack validness for they are not recognized by the Bar Council of India.  

Selection Process for Law institutes

It will be an ever-cherished dream for every law aspirant to get admission in a reputed law institute. To get inducted into such an institute one must pass entrance examinations with flying colours.

There are various entrance examinations conducted for filling seats of law colleges for both integrated LLB Programs and LLB Programs. Some of them are listed below.

Entrance Examinations for 5year Integrated LLB Program

Name of the ExamDetails of the exam
Common-Law Admission Test (CLAT)Entrance for securing admission to 18 national Law Universities rooted in India  
Computer-based examination of Two Hours duration  
Topics of the exam include English Comprehension, General knowledge and Current Affairs, Legal Aptitude, Numerical Ability and Logical Reasoning.
What is CLAT
All India Law Entrance Test (AILET)Entrance test conducted by National Law University (Delhi)  
Provides admission to integrated BA. L.L.B (Hons.)  
Topics of the exam include English Comprehension, General knowledge, Legal Aptitude, Elementary Mathematics, and Logical Reasoning.
Law School Admission Test (LSAT)Various reputed law institutions such as Alliance School of Law, Rajiv Gandhi School of Intellectual Property Law (IIT Kharagpur), Jindal Global Law School, and Faculty of Law (SRM University) accept the scores of LSAT  
This entrance test mainly focuses on topics such as English comprehension and logical and Analytical Reasoning.  
This test developed by the Law School Admission Council is of three and a half hours duration.    
Symbiosis Entrance Test (SET)This entrance test is conducted by Symbiosis International University  
Topics of the exam include Reading Comprehension, Analytical Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, Legal Reasoning, and General Knowledge.

Entrance Examinations for 3 years LLB Program

Name of the Entrance ExaminationDetails of the examination
Delhi University LLB Examination (DU L.L.B)This Graduate -Level Entrance Examination is conducted by the Faculty of Law, Delhi University  
Topics of the exam include English Language and Comprehension, General Knowledge, and Current Affairs, Numerical Ability, Logical and Analytical Reasoning, and Legal Awareness and Aptitude
Law School Admission Test (LSATThis test developed by the Law School Admission Council is of three and a half hours duration.  
Scores of this entrance examination are accepted for both Integrated law programs and 3 years LLB Programs    
This entrance test sections focus on questions from English comprehension, Logical and Analytical Reasoning.    
Maharashtra Common Entrance Test (MH-CET)MH-CET is an annual entrance examination conducted by the Government of Maharashtra  
Admission to the Law colleges of Maharashtra including the prestigious Government Law College is processed is with the scores of this test
Banaras Hindu University LLB Entrance Examination (BHU L.L.B)Entrance examination conducted by the famous Banaras Hindu University for 3 Years LLB Programs   Questions from sections like English Comprehension, Reasoning and Mental Ability, General Awareness and Current Affairs, and Common Legal Knowledge are given focus.

Top 30 Law Colleges in India

Sl No.Name of the Law College
1National Law School of India University, Bangalore
2National Law University, New Delhi
3NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad
4Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
5National Law University, Jodhpur
6The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata
7Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar
8Symbiosis Law School, Pune
9Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
10Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala
11Dr Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow
12Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, Bhubaneswar
13Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
14National Law University, Cuttack
15Panjab University, Chandigarh
16National Law University and Judicial Academy, Guwahati
17National Law Institute University, Bhopal
18Indian Law Institute, New Delhi
19Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
20Christ University, Bangalore
21Jindal Global Law School, Sonipat
22Army Institute of Law, Mohali
23Institute of Law, Nirma University, Ahmedabad
24Rajiv Gandhi School of Intellectual Property Law, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
25School of Law, Christ University, Bangalore
26Azim Premji University, Bangalore
27ICFAI Law School, Hyderabad
28Faculty of Law, University of Delhi, Delhi
29School of Law, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun
30IMS Law College, Noida

The difference between LLB, BA LLB, and LLM

LLB (Bachelor of Laws)Undergraduate Law degree.  
It is one of the basic requirements for becoming a lawyer and practice law (after undergoing a legal training course).  
Degree with a course completion duration of 3 Years.
BA LLB (Bachelor of Arts – Bachelor of Legislative Law)Integrated degree combining Arts and Law subjects.  
Degree with a course completion duration of 5 Years.
LLM (Master of Laws)  Postgraduation Law Degree.  
Specialization in the legal areas as per the interest of individuals.  
LLM Degree is not mandatory for a professional lawyer.  
The minimum eligibility qualification for pursuing LLM is LLB or its equivalent degrees.  
Degree with a course completion duration of 2 Years.  

Salary of Lawyers in India

The salary of Lawyers differs with the area of specializations and experience in the field.

The average estimate of the salary of Lawyers in India is given below.

Salary StructureMinimum range of Salary (In LPA)Maximum range of salary (In LPA)
Salary for Corporate Lawyers (Less Experienced)5 LPA to 10 LPA18 LPA to 20 LPA
Salary of an experienced corporate Lawyers25 LPA to 30 LPA55 LPA to 60 LPA
Salary of Criminal lawyer (Less Experienced)6 LPA to 8 LPA16 LPA to 18 LPA
Salary of an experienced Criminal lawyer (Less Experienced)23 LPA to 28 LPA53 LPA to 58 LPA

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